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Photovoltaic poverty alleviation: the task is fully completed and the method is widely welcomed

Views: 27     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2020-12-07      Origin: Site

Photovoltaic poverty alleviation is a new exploration and new way of poverty alleviation in our country. The three characteristics of popularization of resources, simple operation and maintenance, and stable income make it a widely welcomed method of poverty alleviation in poverty alleviation, and it has also become a boutique project of industrial poverty alleviation and one of the top ten precision poverty alleviation projects in China.

Photovoltaic poverty alleviation has unique Chinese characteristics

Tongwei County, Dingxi City, Gansu Province is a concentrated and contiguous extremely poor area in the Liupan Mountains. Relying on photovoltaic poverty alleviation, nearly 20,000 poor households in Tongwei County have a stable income throughout the year, and the collective economy of 198 poor villages has grown from nothing. , From weak to strong, it effectively solved the empty shell problem of the village collective economy, and also allowed the whole county to embark on a sustainable development road to poverty alleviation. Lu Zhong, deputy magistrate of Tongwei County People’s Government, introduced at the 4th (2020) China Energy Industry Development Annual Conference and "Report on Poverty Alleviation and Energy Poverty Alleviation Achievements" recently held in Tongwei County as a national photovoltaic poverty alleviation pilot. Starting from 2015, photovoltaic poverty alleviation work has been carried out, and 162,000 kilowatts of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power plants have been built.

In Wushan, Chongqing, 96% are mountainous areas. Apart from agriculture, other resources are very scarce. Wang Ronggang, deputy magistrate of Chongqing Wushan County People’s Government, said at the meeting, “We found through research that Wushan is very rich in photovoltaic resources, wind power resources, and pumped storage resources. Therefore, we implemented new energy poverty alleviation in Wushan.” Wushan Investment in 2018 900 million yuan has built the largest mountain photovoltaic in the southwest area. It will be fully put into operation in 2019, and its annual income will reach 120 million yuan, creating local fiscal revenue of 14 million yuan. In addition, through the transfer of farmers’ land, farmers can also pay about 3 million yuan in rent each year.

At the same time, Wang Ronggang introduced that during the course of operation, some local farmers were also hired to perform tasks such as scrubbing photovoltaic panels, so that farmers can work locally. At the same time, it is also considering the complementarity of mountains and agriculture, and breeding local chickens under photovoltaic panels. Through such measures, it has effectively helped local farmers get rid of poverty and increase their income.

"Photovoltaic poverty alleviation is an energy poverty alleviation policy with unique Chinese characteristics. It is often implemented when other poverty alleviation measures are not solved well and cannot be solved. It is a multi-level guarantee." Yao Jianping, director of the China Energy Poverty Alleviation and Social Development Research Center, North China Electric Power University Said at the meeting.

The photovoltaic poverty alleviation construction task has been fully completed

It is understood that as of the end of 2019, my country's photovoltaic poverty alleviation construction task has been fully completed. A total of 26.36 million kilowatts of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations have been built, benefiting 4.15 million households, and generating approximately 18 billion yuan in power generation revenue per year. In photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations, village-level power stations are the main body, with about 83,000, covering 92,300 villages, of which 59,800 villages are impoverished villages with established files.

While advancing the construction tasks steadily, the policy system is constantly improving. Li Chuangjun, head of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Department of the National Energy Administration, said at a press conference held by the Information Office of the State Council that the timely introduction of various policies and measures to support photovoltaic poverty alleviation is "four advantages and two no" in summary. The "Four Excellent" is to give priority to the construction scale and plan, priority scheduling to ensure full consumption, priority to be included in the list of financial subsidies, and priority to issue financial subsidy funds. The "two nos" means that under the circumstance that the cost of photovoltaic power stations has been continuously reduced in recent years, the implementation of non-bidding and non-returning of the electricity price of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations has effectively guaranteed the benefits of photovoltaic poverty alleviation.

In addition, continue to improve the management level of photovoltaic poverty alleviation work. According to Li Chuangjun, three major achievements have been made around this work: First, it has been audited well, relying on the national poverty alleviation information system to strictly review the photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects declared by the local government to ensure that the corresponding poor villages are filed and registered. The poor population is registered in files. The second is to build well, relying on the national photovoltaic poverty alleviation information management system, to uniformly code all photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations, implement catalog management, and ensure refined management. The third is good operation and maintenance. Relying on the State Grid Corporation of China, a national photovoltaic poverty alleviation information management cloud platform has been established to implement full life cycle operation monitoring and management of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations to ensure long-term stable operation of the power stations.

Three aspects in the "14th Five-Year" period are worthy of attention

"Photovoltaic poverty alleviation has indeed played a decisive role in the fight against poverty in Tongwei County." Lu Zhong said, but he also encountered some problems in the development process. In his view, there are three aspects worthy of attention during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period.

One is how to manage these photovoltaic power stations, especially for the household-level power stations that are built separately. Lu Zhong said, "This requires the establishment of a long-term operation and maintenance mechanism, a professional team and a clear incentive mechanism."

The second is how to allocate huge amounts of funds. On the one hand, it is the distribution between poor villages and non-poor villages, and on the other hand, it is the distribution between poor households and non-poor households. Regarding the issue of photovoltaic revenue distribution during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, Lu Zhong suggested that the country needs to introduce relevant top-level designs.

The third is how to combine the benefits of photovoltaic poverty alleviation with rural revitalization and improvement of rural governance capabilities. In Lu Zhong's view, now that we have such good resources, we should think more about how to make good use of the resources so that the people have the motivation to participate in the process of rural governance.

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